POSISI PENTING ORANG DIFABEL DALAM MASYARAKAT | THE IMPORTANT PLACE OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN SOCIETY

  • Novriana Gloria Hutagalung Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta

Abstract

Abstract Making use of the haecceitas theory of Duns Scotus, this text critiques the statement that every person, and in fact everything created, and especially people with disabilities, have an individual uniqueness. This is based upon the uniqueness of the Triune God who is relational. “Normal” people have self control, can decide and make personal choices. They can stand on their own two feet, and they are not dependent on others. The individuality or personality of a disabled person is often reduced because the disabled person is regarded as one who cannot do “normal” activities without assistance. All living creatures are relational beings because they have been created by and in God who is relational. The Church witnesses, in the Athanasian Creed, to the belief that the Triune God is Three separate Persons while being One in Essence. Keywords: Disability, Uniqueness, Personality, Trinity Abstrak Dengan menggunakan teori haecceitas dari Duns Scotus, tulisan ini hendak mengulas kenyataan bahwa setiap manusia bahkan setiap ciptaan, secara khusus orang dengan disabilitas, memiliki ke-ini-an masing-masing yang bersumber dari ke-ini-an Allah Trinitas yang relasional. Seorang manusia yang ‘normal’ adalah orang yang menguasai diri, dapat memutuskan dan menentukan pilihan bagi diri, mandiri, dan tidak bergantung kepada orang lain. Individualitas ataupun kepribadian orang dengan disabilitas sering direduksi karena orang dengan disabilitas dianggap tidak dapat melakukan aktivitas secara ‘normal’ tanpa dibantu orang lain. Seluruh makhluk hidup adalah makhluk yang relasional karena diciptakan oleh dan dalam Allah yang relasional. Gereja menyaksikan iman, melalui Pengakuan Iman Athanasius, bahwa Allah Trinitas tidak bercampur dalam Tiga Pribadi (persona) dan tidak terpisah dalam Esensi-Nya (substantia). Kata kunci: Disabilitas, Ke-ini-an, Kepribadian, Komuni, Trinitas

Author Biography

Novriana Gloria Hutagalung, Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta
dilahirkan di Batam. Ia adalah penulis novel “Terperangkap” (Trapped) dan saat ini sedang menggarap novel kedua berjudul Women Reformators. Ia pernah mengikuti kursus kilat tentang “Migration Matters” di St. Catherine of Siena College, United Kingdom, setelah sebelumnya tamat diploma di Eco-justice Ministry (United Theological College, India) dan Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta pada pada 2018. Sepanjang Juli – September 2018 ia bekerja sebagai Assistant Consultant di Yifos Indonesia. Pada Agustus 2015 ia mengikuti Women’s Solidarity for Humanity and Human Rights di Surakarta, Jawa Tengah. Pada August 2016 ia terlibat dalam Christian Evangelical Church di Pediwang, Halmahera Utara dan sepanjang Mei – Agustus 2017 ia berpartisipasi dalam Christian Batak Protestant Church di Tanajawa, Sumatera Utara.

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Published
2018-12-02
Section
Artikel